Standards on Lightning Protection of International, Vietnam and other countries

Monday, 13/03/2023, 22:25

1. International standards

 

IEC Standards

IEC 60364 Electrical installations of buildings.

  • IEC 60364-5-534 : Devices for protection against overvoltages.
  • IEC 60364-4-443 : Protection against overvoltages.

IEC 61024 : Protection of structures against lightning.

IEC 61312 : Protection against lightning electromagnetic impulses (LEMP).

  • IEC 61312-1 : General Priciples.
  • IEC 61312-2 : Shielding of structure, bonding inside structure and earthing.
  • IEC 61312-3 : Requirements of SPD.

IEC 61643 Low voltage surge protective devices.

  • IEC 61643-11:2011: Surge protective devices connected to low-voltage power systems - Requirements and test methods.
  • IEC 61643-12:2020 : Surge protective devices connected to low-voltage power systems - Selection and application principles.
  • IEC 61643-21:2012 : Surge protective devices connected to telecommunications and signalling networks - Performance requirements and testing methods.
  • IEC 61643-22:2015 :  Surge protective devices connected to telecommunications and signalling networks - Selection and application principles.
  • IEC 61643-31:2018 : Requirements and test methods for SPDs for photovoltaic installations.
  • IEC 61643-32:2017 : Surge protective devices connected to the d.c. side of photovoltaic installations - Selection and application principles.
  • IEC 61643-311:2001 :  Components for low-voltage surge protective devices” - Specification for gas discharge tubes (GDT).

IEC 61662 (1996-05) Assessment of risk of damage due to lightning.

IEC 61663 Protection of telecommunication lines against lightning.

  • IEC 61663-1 Fibre optic installations.
  • IEC 61663-2 Lines using metallic conductors.

IEC62305 Protection against lightning.

  • IEC 62305-1   General principles.
  • IEC 62305-2   Risk management.
  • IEC 62305-3   Physical damage to structures and life hazard.
  • IEC 62305-4   Electrical and electronic systems within structures.

 

Các tiêu chuẩn của IEEE Standards

IEEE C62.72™-2007 Guide for Aplication of SPD for Low Voltage (1000V or less) AC Power Circuits.

IEEE C62.41. 1™-2002 Guide on the Surge Environment in Low-Voltage (1000 V and Less) AC Power Circuits.

IEEE C62.41.2™-2002 Recommended Practice on Characterization of Surges in Low-Voltage (1000 V and Less) AC Power Circuits.

IEEE C62.11-1999 (Revision of IEEE Std C62.11-1993) Standard for Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters for AC Power Circuits (> 1 kV).

IEEE C62.36-1994 Test methods for Surge Protectors used in Low voltage Data, Communications and Siganaling Circuits.

IEEE C62.41-1991 Recommended Practice on Surge voltages in Low-Voltage AC Power Circuits.

IEEE C62.31-1987 Test Specifications for Gas - Tube Surge - Protective Devices.

 

ITU-T Recommendation

K.11: Principles of protection against overvoltages and overcurrents.

K.12: Characteristics of GDTs for protection of telecom installations.

K.15: Protection of remote-feeding equipment and repeaters.

K.20: Resistivity of telecom equipment in telecom centre to overvoltages and overcurrents.

K.21: Resistivity of subscriber’s terminal to overvoltages and overcurrents.

K.22: Overvoltage resistivity of equipment connected to ISDN T/S bus.

K.27: Bonding and Earthing in a Telecom Building.

K.31: Bonding and Earthing in a Subscriber’s Building.

K.35: Bonding and Earthing in a remote electronic sites.

K.36: Selections of protectives devices for telecom lines.

K.39: Risk assessment of damages to telecom sites due to lightning.

K.40: Protection against LEMP in telecom centres.

K.41: Resistivity of internal interfaces of telecom centres to overvoltages.

K.44: Resistivity of Telecom equipment to overvoltages and overcurrents.

K.45: Resistivity of access network equipment to overvoltages and overcurrents.

K.46: Protection of telecommunication lines using metallic symmetric conductors against lightning-induced surges.

K.47: Protection of telecommunication lines using metallic conductors against direct lightning discharges.

K.55: Overvoltage and overcurrent requirements for insulation displacement connectors (IDC) terminations.

K.56: Protection of radio base stations against lightning discharges.

K.57: Protection measures for radio base stations sited on power line towers.

 

2. National standards

 

US Standards

ANSI/IEEE 81-1983 Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground Impedance, and Earth Surface Potentials of a Ground System.

UL 96A-2007 Installation Requirements for Lightning Protection Systems.

NFPA 780-2008 Installation of Lightning Protection Systems.

API-2003 Protection against Ignitions Arising Out of Static, Lightning and Stray Currents.

AAF-20 (6950-10A) Practices and Procedures for Lightning protection, Grounding, Bonding and Shielding Implementaion.

REA Bulletin 1751F-802 Electrical Protection Grounding Fundamentals.

RUS Bulletin 1751F-801 Electrical Protection Fundamentals.

 

British Standards

BS 7430:1998 Code of practice for Earthing.

BS 6651:1999 Code of practice for protection of structures against lightning.

BS EN 50164 Lightning protection components (LPC).

  • BS EN 50164-1 Requirements for connection components.
  • BS EN 50164-2 Requirements for conductors and earth electrodes.

BS EN 62305:2006   Protection against lightning.

  • BS EN 62305-1:2006 General principles.
  • BS EN 62305-2:2006 Risk management.
  • BS EN 62305-3:2006 Physical damage to structures and life hazard.
  • BS EN 62305-4:2006 Electrical and electronic systems within structures.

 

Spanish Standards

UNE 21 186 – 1996 Protection of structures and of open areas against lightning using early streamer emission air terminal.

 

France Standards

NF C 17-102:1995 Protection of structures and of open areas against lightning using early streamer émission air terminals.

NF C 17-100:1995 Protection of structures and of open areas against lightning using traditional air terminal.

 

Vietnamese Standards

TCVN 4756: 1989 : Rules for grounding connection of electrical equipment.

TCVN 9385:2012 : Protection of structures against lightning - Guide for design, inspection and maintenance

TCVN 8071:2009 :  Telecommunication plant – Code of practice for lightning protection and earthing.

QCVN 9:2010/BTTTT :  National technical regulation on earthing of telecommunication stations.

QCVN 32:2011/BTTTT :  National technical regulation on lightning protection for telecommunication stations and outside cable network

 

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